International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice <p style="text-align: center;">IJTARP is an open access journal that publishes high-quality empirical research using any scientific paradigm across the full range of TA applications. It also promotes research comparing TA and other models and non-TA research that has significant implications for TA theory or practice. It also publishes papers on the practice and theoretical underpinnings of TA.</p> <p style="text-align: center;">IJTARP has an ongoing partnership with <a href="">the TA Research website, where abstracts are published in a number of alternative languages</a>These translations are kindly provided by volunteers from the international TA community.&nbsp; If abstracts in your language are not yet listed on the TA Research website and you would like to join the community of volunteers in helping create further translations, please feel free to <a href="">contact us</a>.</p> <p style="text-align: center;">Open access publishing costs money - even though the IJTARP Editor and the Reviewers all provide their services voluntarily. Big publishers charge authors c. $2000 or more per paper to make their work open to all. IJTARP charges authors nothing and lets them keep their copyright. Please help us maintain this arrangement. And please tell your colleagues about this great free resource of TA research and practice.&nbsp;&nbsp;<a title="Donate to IJTARP" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Please click here to make a donation</a>.</p> International Centre For Transactional Analysis Qualifications CIC en-US International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice 2218-3159 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" alt="Creative Commons License" src=""></a></p> <p>The work in this journal is licensed under <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</p> <p><a name="privacyStatement"></a></p> Passivity in Education <p><em>The author addresses the occurrence and implications of passivity within the educational environment. After reviewing the theoretical background within the TA literature, he reports several research studies before identifying helpful approaches to tackling such passivity. He includes three case studies, complete with suggestions and diagrams of ways in which overadaptation may be resolved.</em></p> Piotr Jusik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 25 34 10.29044/v12i1p25 The Game Grid <p><em>The author presents his own design of a Game Grid which can be overlaid on the original version of the circumplex attributed to Leary (1957). The original Interpersonal Check List (ICL) and associated axes and domains (sections) are retained as the purpose is to prompt individuals to explore their own behaviours and how these link to their life positions and the psychological games they may play. A short history of the ICL used is followed by the introduction of a modified OK Corral which recognises that there are some 'good' games, and a selection of psychological games is allocated to line up with the four major life positions.&nbsp; Appendices contain the materials, with links to other languages, and detailed instructions which will allow practitioners to apply the approach described. The author concludes with examples of how results may be interpreted and used to help individual clients and partners.</em></p> Stephen R. Lankton ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 3 17 10.29044/v12i1p3 Injunctions and Motivation in Human Growth from the Perspective of Triology <p><em>The author combines Kandathil's (1978) approach of Triology that combines I, You and Goal, and how these are connected in terms of Identity, Rationality and Relationship, with transactional analysis theories about injunctions and permissions. The result is illustrated as an extended GK Frame to provide a model for analysing how childhood decisions are preventing the current growth of clients. Injunctions and injunctive messages are both considered, and permissions are described in terms of love, hope and trust. A significant link is also made with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and this in turn prompts some initial considerations about the nature of spiritual growth. A brief case study is included to demonstrate how the resulting framework can assist with analysis that can be shared with clients.</em></p> M R Ranjith ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 35 41 10.29044/v12i1p35