Strokes, games and learning in groups

Main Article Content

Piotr Jusik


We thank the previous publishers for permission to re-publish this article, which previously appeared as Jusik, P. (2018) Strokes, games and learning in groups. Edukacyjna Analiza Transakcyjna, 7, 27-36. We have retained the structure and referencing of that article.

Students’ hunger for strokes plays a key role in improving learning outcomes and emotional literacy in groups. Teachers and facilitators can consciously respond to their learner’s need for recognition by paying attention to the group culture and creating a responsive environment through modelling. When learners’ hunger for strokes is unmet, they start inviting psychological games. Teachers can respond adequately by stressing options in relation to the drama triangle. Additionally, TA concepts are more effective when applied in a relationship context, as otherwise the interventions become a fruitless, simplistic and formulaic endeavour. Some group settings give rise to the role lock phenomenon, when an individual represents an issue that is collectively avoided by other members. When this is brought into awareness, the group can move forward. On the whole, learners thrive when they receive appropriate strokes and permissions that support their growth and development.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jusik, P. (2020). Strokes, games and learning in groups. International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice, 11(1), 75-79.
Author Biography

Piotr Jusik

Training to become a Certified Transactional Analyst in the Counselling field.  He is engaged in research that spans Guatemala, the UK, Poland and Ukraine and is the National Co-ordinator in Guatemala for the TA Proficiency Awards.


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